Transition to market relations in Turkmenistan is being carried out in the framework of the state policy that ensures the population’s social security. The country’s policy of radical social changes is aimed at the provision of the high living standard of the population. “The State is for People!” is the main slogan and the basic doctrine of the ongoing reforms in Turkmenistan. Currently, hundreds of modern hospitals, clinics, higher educational institutions, schools, kindergartens, sport facilities are under construction. They are equipped with the latest technologies. The citizens of Turkmenistan have free access to modern medical services and education.