Legalization is a confirmation that a document issued by the authorities of the state or drawn up with the participation of these authorities complies with the legislation of this state. It consists in verifying the authenticity of the signature of the official who signed the document and the seal of the authorized state body.
In accordance with international practice, the legalization of passports and documents replacing them is not required,
Documents and acts that contradict the legislation of Turkmenistan or may in their content harm the interests of Turkmenistan or contain information discrediting the honor and dignity of citizens, as well as originals and copies of passports, workbooks, military cards, identity cards, ownership of property, documents directly related to commercial or customs operations (invoices, documents on the movement of goods across the border, agreements on the supply of goods, customs declarations, etc.) do not require the legalization.
Legalization of documents for use abroad.
Legalization of documents for use abroad is carried out as follows:
1) A notary's office in Turkmenistan certifies a copy of the document;
2) The Ministry of Adalat (Justice) of Turkmenistan certifies the authenticity of the notary's signature and seal;
3) The DCS of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan confirms the authenticity of the seal of the Ministry of Adalat (Justice) of Turkmenistan and the signature of the official.
After legalization in the DCS of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan, the documents are legalized in the diplomatic mission or consular office of the state where they will be used. At the same time, the foreign consul confirms, on the basis of the samples he has, the authenticity of the signature and seal of the authorized officer of the DCS of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan.
Documents are legalized, as a rule, in notarized copies. The exception is documents on the formation of a sample established for use abroad, which are legalized in the DCS of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan in originals if there is free space for gluing a special sticker.
A consular fee, payment for reimbursement of actual expenses and a sticker are charged for the legalization in the DCS of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan.
Legalization of foreign documents for use on the territory of Turkmenistan.
Foreign documents intended for use on the territory of Turkmenistan are legalized in diplomatic missions or consular offices of Turkmenistan abroad after their legalization in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs or other authorized body of the state of origin of the document.
Documents of foreign states imported into Turkmenistan without legalization in diplomatic missions or consular offices of Turkmenistan abroad are preliminary legalized in the diplomatic missions of the foreign state located on the territory of Turkmenistan, where they were drawn up, and then in the DCS of the MFA of Turkmenistan.
Bilateral agreements on legal assistance and legal relations in civil, family and criminal matters, concluded by Turkmenistan, as well as the Convention on legal assistance and legal relations in civil, family and criminal matters, signed on January 22, 1993 in Minsk by the CIS member states, determine the procedure, according to which documents issued by the official authorities of one contracting party are considered official and enjoy the probative force of official documents in the territory of another contracting party without any additional certification, that is, without legalization.
3. Consular registration and registration of citizens of Turkmenistan abroad.
In accordance with Art. 30 of the Law of Turkmenistan "On Consular Service", diplomatic missions or consular offices of Turkmenistan abroad carry out registration and registration of citizens of Turkmenistan located on the territory of their consular district. Citizens of Turkmenistan who are outside of Turkmenistan have the right to register (be registered with a consular officer) at a diplomatic mission or consular office of Turkmenistan.
The possibility of registering citizens for consular registration remotely electronically through the official websites of diplomatic missions and consular offices of Turkmenistan abroad is provided.
Registration of consular registration of citizens of Turkmenistan is free of charge.
The DCS of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan strongly recommends taking advantage of this opportunity. Although not obligatory, this procedure will allow solving many issues without traveling to Turkmenistan (providing information about upcoming elections and referendums, issuing a passport of a citizen of Turkmenistan, certificates for returning to Turkmenistan, registration of acts of civil status, etc.), and will also facilitate the return to their homeland in the event of hostilities, riots or natural disasters in the receiving state.
For consular registration in a diplomatic mission or consular office of Turkmenistan or through Internet sites, a card of the established form is filled in electronically.